Debts to Society and Crime Victims

In the twentieth century, the U.S. Supreme Court greatly developed criminal constitutional rights favoring the accused. A backlash ensued, and the campaign for victims’ rights followed. Advocates for crime victims supported increased incarceration by encouraging three-strikes habitual offender and mandatory sentence legislation. This was a good attempt to refocus upon people other than the offenders. Some believe victims’ rights went too far by putting too many people in prison. In actuality, victims’ rights did not go far enough. Prison labor to pay restitution is rarely allowed, required or encouraged by the laws, special interest groups and systems in place. The way to serve a determinate sentence (i.e. one for a set term of years) in prison is to wait. While prisoners kill time, prisons deprive most prisoners of a major part of life, namely work, while prisons also deprive victims and the state of the benefit of the prisoner’s labor. Convicts often walk out of prison with heavy debts for child support, court costs, legal representation and restitution, most of which they cannot discharge in bankruptcy. After release, restitution collection prospects turn dim. Most convicts never fully pay their debts to society, their victims or their own families.

The shallow statement we hear that ex-convicts have “paid their debt to society” is completely false and very misleading. All they’ve done is wait, age, sleep, eat, shower, obey, suffer, receive benefits and cost money. The words “paid their debt to society” are lip service to our failed correctional regimes. Prisoners have not worked for, honored or paid law-abiding folks. The “payment” they supposedly make does not help anyone, and in fact, it harms society. While in prison, prisoners are on expensive and comprehensive welfare that pays for everything they consume or need. Prisoners unfortunately believe they have “paid up” when their sentence is concluded. Prisoners deserve their punishment, but law-abiding citizens do not deserve the expense, collateral social costs, recidivism and weak deterrence value of prison. It’s time for law-abiding people to be paid in cash, not empty phrases. Part of a new movement should be the right of victims to receive the benefit of their guilty perpetrators’ labor.

To produce economically and generate a cash flow for their victims, prisoners must be allowed to work in private prison industries, operating freely in prison. Prisons made money in the 1800’s and sent their profits to the state legislatures. Over 100 years ago, free labor and businesses were afraid prisoners would put them out of work and business, so prison industries were suppressed with various laws. Under current laws, most prisoners can only make things for the state and there are not enough prison jobs to go around.

Today, most consumer goods are made overseas. Manufactured goods can now be made in the U.S.A. without harming, and actually helping, free American labor and businesses. If American laws were changed to permit vibrant prison industries, prisoners could earn money to compensate their victims and society. Then prisoners can truly pay their debts to society and to the victims of their crimes. Under equitable laws, crime victims should receive the benefit of their guilty perpetrators’ labor.

For ways criminals can repay their debts, please look inside “Prison and Slavery – A Surprising Comparison,” http://www.amazon.com/dp/1432753835. John Dewar Gleissner, Esq. graduated from Auburn University (B.A. with Honor, 1973) and Vanderbilt University School of Law (1977).

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Crime Reporting Can Pay – Reward Money is Often Available to Those Who Rat Out Criminals

Reporting crime can pay! Law enforcement services often offer rewards for information that leads to the arrest and conviction of criminals.

Crime Stoppers, an organization that assists in apprehending criminals within the U.S. is a respected resource for information pertaining to wanted fugitives and related reward funds.

For example, there is a $1,000 reward available at this time for information about three robbery suspects in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The three broke into and burglarized a residence on January 7, 2010. The home owners were out of the house and the crime took place between the hours of approximately 9:00 a.m. and 12:30 p.m., according to police investigators.

The home on Ely Road had its back door pried open and several items, including DVDs, jewelry, cash (all in a small beige colored safe) as well as apparel, were taken. Fortunately, the victim had installed a video surveillance camera and there is footage of the incident. This fact should make the crooks a little easier to track down!

All three burglars were men. They were black; one appeared old and taller than the other two. At the time of the incident one was wearing a dark hooded jacket and ball cap. His dark jeans had a design on the back pockets. The second suspect had short hair and was wearing a dark down jacket, dark shoes and khaki pants. The older, taller suspect had facial hair when the burglary took place.

Memphis is another Tennessee locale that experiences a high degree of crime. Those who report usable information about incidents in the area are often eligible for reward money.

A few Memphis crimes that are under investigation include a shooting that took place at the Warren Apartments near Clementine and Warren. One man received a chest wound in the incident. A stolen Police squad car, taken in South Memphis, has been recovered. The vehicle was taken while an officer chased two suspects on foot. Nothing was stolen from the vehicle. The officers do have information on a suspect, however; no one is in custody at this time.

A reward of up to $7,000 is being offered for information leading to the arrest and conviction of a man who robbed a Midtown credit union. The racing fan wore a No. 88 NASCAR hat while he held up the First South Credit Union at 1941 Madison at gun point.

After the robbery the man ran out and fled on foot, running southbound on Tucker Street. He was a white man, likely in his mid to late 30’s with light brown hair. At the time of the incident he had a goatee and wore a light color t-shirt. He was armed with a black semi-automatic pistol.

If you do have any information about these suspects please contact the local authorities immediately. You may also talk with Crime Stoppers to disclose the suspects’ identity and whereabouts. Keeping criminals off the streets is one very effective way to help enhance everyone’s home security.

S.L. Robertson writes about crime statistics, monitored home security, and crime prevention. Robertson has long been regarded as an expert in the field of personal safety and ADT monitored home security systems.

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Fake Service Dogs Are A Crime

These days, many people are learning that they can game the system and bring their dogs where they’re not supposed to. So many places don’t allow dogs, and yet too many people feel that their pet should be the exception to the rule. In order to get around the problem of pets not being allowed in places, they simply dress them up as a service animal.

This is a thing that’s incredibly easy to do. There are many places online that will “register” your dog as a service dog. They’ll give you a badge and a vest, and that’s all you need to make sure people think your dog is something it is not.

Rest assured, this is a crime. It may seem like a cute thing to do, in order to bring your pet with you every where you go. But unfortunately, by doing that, you’re doing a disservice to the needs of the truly disabled. These dogs should have a certain kind of training in order to help disabled people.

The problem with pretending your dog is a service dog when they are not is that it tends to cast aspersions on actual service animals. When people discover that your dog is not properly trained to be a service dog, they may begin to think that many dogs are not trained when they become service dogs. They may attempt to disallow them all together, or lobby to get the law about service animals changed so that they can disallow dogs.

This would do a severe disservice to people who truly need a service dog in order to get by. People who are blind, or who need their dog to help them in case of seizures, could have a problem in locations and businesses with their actual service animals.

Ultimately, if you want to pretend your dog is a service dog, it’s easy to do and it’s difficult to prove otherwise. But it’s important to know that if you do get caught, it is a crime, and you will suffer consequences. Plus, it’s not a good thing to do to your community, or the people around you. Don’t be one of those people who think their precious pet is more important than the law that helps people with real disabilities. Don’t pretend your dog is a service dog if they’re not trained to be one.

Wayne Booth is owner of Canine Behavior Specialists, http://www.CanineBehaviorSpecialists.com in Nashville, TN where he helps people train their dogs and solve behavior problems. Wayne has been teaching people how to become Professional Dog Trainers since 1990 and he is the Training Director of the Canine Behavior Specialists Network, http://www.K9-University.com.

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Criminal Defense Attorney Services

You’ve seen them on TV in their black coats; the formidable forces of law, the strong and intense breed of professionals called criminal defense attorneys. Of course, going by the drama that plays itself out on TV, you would be forgiven if you thought that defense attorneys are always saving people involved in some bloodcurdling crime or the other. In real life however, that is not entirely true. In fact, a criminal defense attorney is a lawyer who represents any person accused by the law. Crimes may vary from kidnapping, murder and weapons trafficking to the more complex misdeeds like wire fraud, investment or bank frauds, counterfeiting and money laundering.

A good criminal defense attorney is one who has full knowledge of the law pertaining to the state he represents and has enough experience working with the federal criminal system. To begin with, the attorney sets out on a fact finding mission. Their first job is to collect as much information as possible, from the client and through various investigative agencies, if necessary. The client and his attorney form a team and for this team to work efficiently, the client has to repose complete faith in their attorney.

Many people who need the services of a criminal defense attorney make mistakes while hiring somebody for the job. Which is not surprising, considering that the need is urgent and there is little time to go through an elaborate selection procedure. However, there are certain ways in which you can ensure that you enlist the right criminal defense attorney:

Contact an attorney you have already worked with and ask them for recommendations or references.
Do not rush to hire someone you have worked with in the past. Before you hire an attorney you have worked with in the past, find out whether they are criminal lawyers. A lawyer who may have handled your divorce need not make a good criminal attorney.
Before hiring, make sure that the lawyer can handle the type of case you are involved in. Generally, not all criminal defense lawyers handle all kinds of criminal cases. In this context, it is better to approach a firm of lawyers, since they are more likely to have team members with the necessary expertise.
Many states have their own laws. Enlist the services of a lawyer who is an expert in your state.
If you are not hard pressed for time, visit at least a couple of lawyers before choosing. Stay away from lawyers who push you into a particular course of action. Hire a person whose approach is similar to yours.
Don’t be taken in by previous records of the lawyer you have chosen. A couple of wins in the past does not mean that he or she can win your case for you.

Choosing a criminal defense attorney wisely takes some time and research. However, when you consider the fact that your life or your life’s savings hang in the balance, the caution, research and footwork you do is definitely worth it.

New York Criminal Defense Attorneys – The firm and its criminal attorneys defend clients against all criminal charges both at federal and state level.

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Criminal Law – Keep the Public Safe From Felons

Criminal law involves different rules that can cause the prosecution of a person for acts identified as crimes by the government. People found guilty of committing a criminal act would be incarcerated, fined, or both. Committing a crime means violating public laws which are established by the federal government, the state or the local government. These include felonies such as murder and rape as well as misdemeanors such as petty theft or jaywalking. Most felonies are punishable by one to two years imprisonment while misdemeanors are punishable by less than a year inside the slammer or other lighter punishments such as community services depending on the weight and kind of crime committed.

Ancient civilizations such as the Sumerians were the first to write codes of laws but did not distinguish civil and criminal laws. Most violations of the written laws were punished accordingly by physical punishment such as whipping or caning, incarceration which may vary from a day to life, house arrest, paying damages, or execution. As the written laws developed and distinguished civil laws from criminal laws, criminal sanctions are enforced according to five objectives:

Retribution – the aspect of making criminals pay for the crime they committed by placing them at some unpleasant disadvantage
Deterrence – this aims to sufficiently penalize offender to discourage him and other offenders from committing the crime and other criminal behavior
Incapacitation – criminals are taken away from the society so that the public can be safe from them. Prison sentences as well as death penalties serve this purpose.
Rehabilitation – involves transforming an offender into a better citizen
Restitution – this aims to repair any hurt inflicted to the victim by the offender such as paying for damaged properties or embezzled money.

The different crimes that fall under the criminal law statutes include:

Appellate law
White Collar Crime
Bribery
Counterfeiting/forgery
Embezzlement
Fraud
Healthcare fraud
Government fraud
Murder/homicide
Tax evasion
Violent crime
Theft/property crime
Drug crime
Juvenile crime
Child abuse crime

In the United States, prosecutions for criminal law offenses are initiated by complaints issued by a judge or an indictment issued by a grand jury. However, felonies in Federal courts require indictment or a formal accusation based on the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Furthermore, the Sixth Amendment provides the criminal defendant with a right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the State in both state and Federal courts, to be informed of the nature and cause of accusations, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to obtain witnesses in his favor, and to be given a right to a Counsel for his defense but can defend himself and act as his own lawyer.

Ashley Conner is a writer for Zipcodez.com, a widely-used local business listings search portal. Zipcodez.com also features an efficient job, movie, and restaurant search covering over 100 major cities nationwide. Ashley has covered useful topics and resources from “Arts & Entertainment” to “Wireless & Telecommunications” for Zipcodez.com. You can easily find out what convenient and useful resources are in your neighborhood by visiting www.zipcodez.com.

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